Demeter – Goddess of Agriculture and Fertility

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Demeter - Goddess of Agriculture and Fertility | Wicca, Magic, Witchcraft, Paganism
Leia em português
  • Attributes: Goddess of Agriculture, Harvest, Fertility and Seasons
  • Symbols: Cornucopia, wheat beam, corn, torch, bread, sickle
  • Place: Greece

Statue of Demeter | Wicca, Magic, Witchcraft, Paganism
Daughter of Cronos and Reia, Demeter is the Greek Goddess of the cultivated land, the crops, fertility and the seasons. Known as Ceres in Roman mythology, she was named after the word cereal, thus referring to all types of grain.

This goddess has no certain origin myth, but being Rhea’s daughter and granddaughter of Gaia, she was regarded as the reincarnation of Mother Earth and worshiped in many rural communities in the old days. It was believed that walking with direct contact with the earth increased the connection with Demeter.

Demeter is the one who rules the seeds and the fruits, sometimes called Lady of the Plants. She has a deep connection with all aspects of food, growth, harvesting and preserving food. She dedicates to nurturing and caring for the growth of the body, directing most of her energy to the sustenance and protection of all growing creatures.

She had several children, including mortals, and the best known are Persephone, who represents spring, and Despina, who represents winter. It is said that at some point Hades kidnapped Persephone and led her into the underworld, leaving Demeter in despair. Demeter went out into the world looking for her, without eating or resting. She decided not to return to Olympus until she had found her daughter and blamed the earth for opening the way for the God of the Underworld to kidnap her.

During the time Demeter stayed out of Olympus the land became barren, the cattle died, the plow broke and the grains did not germinate. Without food the population suffered from hunger and diseases. Zeus asked Hades to return Persephone. He agreed but before he gave her a pomegranate berry, causing her to get bound to the underworld, because whoever ate something in that region was obliged to return.

So it was established that Persephone would spend a period of the year with the mother, and another with Hades. The first period corresponds to spring, when the grains sprout out of the earth and the second is the sowing of autumn when the grains are buried, just as she returns to the underworld.

Demeter’s Festival

The Greek festival “Thesmophoria” was celebrated annually in October, in the autumn, in honor of Demeter and it was exclusively for women. It was three days of celebrations for the return of Persephone to the Underworld. The initiates shared a sacred drink made of barley and cakes during the festival. One of the characteristics of the Thesmophoria was a punishment to the criminals who acted against the sacred laws and against the women.

Priestesses read the list with the names of the criminals outside the doors of the temples of the Goddesses, especially those dedicated to Demeter and Artemis. It was believed that in this way they would be damned would die before the end of a year.

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Summoning Demeter


There are no rules or ready-to-use recipes to summon any Goddess in Wicca. The summoning rite comes from within the self. When we study each Goddesses’ myth and symbols we can have suggested some ways to summoning them.

One of the oldest rituals in the world was dedicated to Demeter. The Eleusinian Mysteries were surrounded by magic and, as the name suggests, mysteries. Even today, little is known about what actually occurred during the ritual. The Eleusinian Mysteries marked the initiation of women on the path of the Goddess. In the Holy Night, something happened that made the women, who were already aware of the power of the Goddess, follow their path once and for all.

Therefore, as a way of summoning Demeter in the present day, you can, as quoted above, walk barefoot in direct contact with the earth to feel the presence of the Goddess. Recognizing that you are ready to follow the path of the Goddess and do your initiation with Demeter is also a good option.

Give the Goddess fresh fruits and grains, for, representing agriculture and fertility, it is more appropriate to make offerings with natural rather than processed or artificial products. For example, give preference to offer grapes instead of wine.

You can leave the offerings close to trees or in gardens. Be prepared to receive all kinds of intuition that will help you in your life.

About DanFF

I'm Daniel, Pagan and Witch. I created Santuário Lunar to help spreading the Goddess's magic and her manifestations. I also created Trismegistia to offer pagan music with New Age style.

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