- Attributes: Embodiment of Gāyatrī Mantra, Goddess of wealth, education and Mother of Vedas
- Symbol: Gāyatrī Mantra (ॐभूर्भुवस्व)
- Place: India
In Indian mythology, all deities are manifestations of Brahman, the divine and absolute spirit and the Goddess Gayatri is not different.
She is typically portrayed sitting on a red lotus, which means wealth and can appear in two forms:
- With five different faces (Mukta, Vidruma, Hema, Neela, Dhavala) representing the pancha pranas / pancha vayus (senses / winds) and ten arms. Her ten eyes face eight different directions beyond heaven and earth and hier arms hold all the weapons of Brahma, Vishnu e Shiva.
- Beside a white swan, holding scriptures (denoting knowledge) in one hand and a vase in another, symbolizing healing. In this way she is the Goddess of education.
Her origin myth tells that one day Brahma was going to perform his prayers to the Gods, but realized he would need to be married for doind that; The presence of his partner was essential for the completion of the rituals. Brahma ordered that any any girl should be found to be his wife and a beautiful woman was found near Mount Kairash in the Lake Manasarovar region.
When she was taken to Brahma, he realized that she was the very personification of the Gayatri mantra. They were married at that time and have been together ever since.
Gayatri is a Triple Goddess in essence.
The writings of truth
Hinduísm has got an extensive system of sacred scriptures called Vedas. There are four works written in Vedic Sanskrit (which later gave rise to classical Sanskrit) dating back a long time.
The most ancient text is Rigveda, registered between 2000 BCE and 1500 BCE, and it is where Gāyatrī Mantra (ॐभूर्भुवस्व) is written for the first time. Scholars believe, although, that this Mantra was taught orally since many years before.
Being the second most revered mantra in Hinduism, behind only Om (ॐ), Gāyatrī Mantra also summons Savita, Solar Indian Diety, and for this reason it is also called as Sāvitrī.
According to the beliefs of the Hindus, the knowledge recorded in the Vedas represents all “truth.” Being “mother of the Vedas”, we can also interpret Gayatri as “mother of truth”.